Intrauterine insemination is a technique where the sperm is washed in such a way as to concentrate and activate cells and is placed inside the uterus around the time of ovulation. The procedure is simple and requires a few minutes to complete. The sperm is collected from the male partner or a donor and introduced only when the egg is in its most fertile state. Since the sperm is inserted directly into the uterus, they have a shorter distance to swim to reach and fertilize the egg, improving the chances of successful fertilization.
An Intrauterine Insemination procedure is easy to perform but requires several steps. The woman may be put on fertility medications in an attempt to enhance ovulation and produce a more receptive environment for the embryo once fertilized. Sperm samples will be collected by her partner, or by a donor. The sperm cells will then be separated from the seminal fluid. On the day of the procedure, a soft catheter will be used to insert the sperm cells into the uterus. It will take two weeks before a pregnancy test can be administered to determine if the procedure was a success.
Intrauterine insemination could be successful for the appropriate candidate. With intrauterine insemination, sperm cells are deposited directly into the uterus at the around the same time the egg is ovulating and preparing for fertilization. Only the sperm cells are introduced, and they are placed within closer proximity of the egg. The sperm does not have to travel long distances, and they are given easy access to the egg at just the right time. The success rate of intrauterine insemination procedures is approximately 15-20% per cycle for the appropriate candidate.