ICSI, or intracytoplasmic sperm injection, is a type of In-Vitro Fertilization. This tends to be more successful than other types of fertilization. It is one of the best ways for men who have a limited amount of viable sperm to be able to father a child. In this type of procedure, only one sperm is needed per egg. After the egg retrieval, one sperm will be selected per egg and it is injected directly into the egg. Once the embryo has formed, it is either immediately frozen or it is implanted using an In-Vitro Fertilization procedure.
Though any medical procedure poses some risk, ICSI is a simple procedure where one sperm is injected into an egg. Once an embryo has formed, it is implanted into the woman's uterus. While there is no risk to the man and minimal risk to the woman, the highest level of risk is to the embryo. Once inside the uterus, the embryo can be exposed to different issues that may prevent it from attaching. The stress of being moved will also play a role in the viability of the embryo.
Many times the problems with conception are caused by the man's sperm. Reduced sperm count, abnormal structure and sperm viability are primary concerns. An evaluation of the sperm will usually provide answers as to what is causing the problem. Doctors often recommend getting sufficient amounts of rest, eliminating cigarettes and other tobacco products, losing any excess weight, avoid tight clothing, and maintaining balanced and healthy nutritional habits. Doctors recommend regular ejaculation throughout the month prior to the ovulation period to ensure the flow of semen is sufficient.